HOME     by HF:   Anthologies   Articles   Films   Intros   Juvenile   Mystery   Non-fiction   Novels   Pamphlets   Plays   Poetry   Stories  
  site:   About HF   Texts   Reviews   Chrono Checklist   Bookstore   Bulletin Board   Site Search   Author Index   Title Index  
Blue Heron Press   Citizen Tom Paine   Freedom Road   Last Frontier   My Glorious Brothers   Spartacus   The Children   Peekskill   Unvanquished   Masuto   EVC's Women  

Daily Worker
June 15, 1948, p.2

Who They are


Dr. Jacob Auslander (sentenced to three months in jail and a $500 fine) is one of New York's leading general medical practitioners. Born in Radoutz, Austria, Sept. 28, 1906, he studied in the University of Vienna Medical School, came to the U.S. in 1923 and became a citizen in 1929. He practiced in Winnepago, Wis., as resident physician of psychiatry in the State Hospital, came to New York in 1925 where he has been connected with Mr. Sinai and Beth David hospitals.
During the war he was active as a selective service volunteer. He holds the Selective Service Medal and civilian war citations from Congress, President Roosevelt and President Truman.
He has had an appointment with the New York Cancer Institute as attending physician, is a member of the New York County Medical Society, American Medical Association and Physician Forum and the Ludorf Virchow Society.


Dr Edward K. Barsky, noted surgeon, received the heaviest sentence (six months in jail $500 fine) of the group of 11 leaders of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee. He went to Spain in 1937 in charge of the medical service of the International Brigade. During the civil war against the Franco fascists, he performed some of the most remarkable front line surgery under fire of Hitler-supplied artillery. He organized seven hospitals to care for wounded Republican soldiers.
Dr. Barsky was born in New York and attended Townsend High School and Columbia University Surgical School. He is married, has an adopted baby daughter and is a member of the staff of Beth Israel Hospital.
A man who believes in fighting fascism wherever it appears, Barsky led the work of organizing the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee in 1942.
Through the Meillon Rest Home in France, a children's home and a hospital, the committee has cared for 150,000 Spanish Republican refugees. Barsky's crime, and that of his 10 colleagues, was their refusal to turn over committee records to the Un-American Committee. Publication of such records would have placed in jeopardy all persons in Franco Spain related to those being aided by the Anti-Fascist Committee.


Lyman Bradley, professor of German literature at New York University, besides being sentenced to prison was also removed from chairmanship of his university department for his leadership in the anti-fascist fight.
Prof. Bradley was born in Spencer, N.Y., nearly 50 years ago. When the war in Spain came, he joined with thousands of other Americans helping the Loyalist Republican cause. In 1936 he organized a faculty committee to raise money for the Spanish Republicans.
"We were taught fairness and justice in dealing with people," he said telling of his Yankee upbringing - "not the baseball lot kind. That's too simple. Justice in our household meant not sitting on the other man's neck."


Marjorie Chodorov, mother of two children, 11 and 12, is the 10th member of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee Board sentenced to prison. She has been an active volunteer worker for many years in the Women's Division of the Committee.


Howard Fast, famous historical novelist, author of Citizen Tom Paine, Freedom Road and Clarkton, said his work with the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee has been "the best kind of work men may aspire to, the highest kind - to alleviate suffering, to lessen distress, to make the sick well and the starving whole and to save life ... If I have erred, it was in giving too little, not too much."
If Fast goes to jail he will leave behind a wife and two children.


Harry M. Justiz, an attorney and leader of American Committee for Yugoslav Relief, was born in Yugoslavia Aug. 29, 1902. He came to the U.S. in 1911 and became a citizen in 1916.
He is a graduate of DeWitt High School and New York University Law School. His chief aim in life is to aid in establishing world peace. But he never runs from a fight with a fascist.


Ruth Leider, a distinguished attorney specializing on immigration law, was born and grew up in Brooklyn, where she attended Maxwell Tracy School for Teachers and Brooklyn Law School. She is the mother of two children, age 12 and 14.
Her husband, William Leider, deceased, was the brother of Ben Leider, New York Post reporter killed while flying a fighter plan in the Republican Army during the Spanish Civil War. She conducts a law office at 565 Fifth Ave.


James Lustig, business representative of District 4 United Electrical, Radio and Machine Workers, was appointed by his union to represent it on the board of the Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee.
He was born in Budapest in 1902 and was educated in the Budapest Gymnasium and a commercial high school. He emigrated to the U.S. in 1920 and became a citizen in 1928. Active in labor since 1932, he received a Red Cross citation in 193 in recognition of his war work.


Manuel Maganna, who operates a hardware store at 1363 Fifth Ave., was born in Spain in 1892. He left school at the age of nine, worked on a farm until he was 18 and sailed for Argentina as a ship steward. He came to the U.S. in 1921 and became a citizen in 1939. In 1937 he was an organizer of the Committee for Democratic Spain.
He is president of the Club Obrero Espanol, a fraternal organization of Spanish-speaking Americans.


Dr. Louis Miller, former member of the Board of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, is an outstanding heart specialist.


Charlotte Stern, education director of Local 6, Hotel and Club Employees Union, AFL, was born in Massachusetts, educated in Boston public schools and Radcliff College. Before entering the labor movement she taught school in Boston, headed a workers' health bureau and did economic research. She traveled extensively in Europe and the Near East before the war and attended the London School of Economics.
She was married in 1923 and has one child, a daughter.