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Communism in the United States: a bibliography

1969. Seidman, Joel (compiler). Communism in the United States: a bibliography. Cornell University Press. Ithaca, NY.

Items by and about Howard Fast:

F38FAST, Howard   "The American: A Middle Western Legend." New York: Duell, Sloan and Pearce, 1946. 337 pp.
A novel, Marxist in spirit, about the life and times of John Peter Altgeld, featuring the Haymarket Affair and Altgeld's pardoning of the surviving convicted anarchists.
F39. . . . Art and Politics, "New Masses," 48 (Feb. 26, 1946), 6-8.
Albert Maltz is charged (see "What Shall We Ask of Writers?" in "New Masses," Feb. 12, 1946) with seeking to liquidate Marxist and all progressive creative writing, and with advocating the artist's retreat from politics on the ground that art and politics do not mix. This would mean exiling himself from civilization and therefore abandoning art.
F40. . . . Toward People's Standards in Art, "New Masses," 49 (May. 7, 1946), 16-18.
Reprint of a paper read at a symposium on "Art is a Weapon," held in New York City, April 18, 1946. Standards in art are determined most basically by the economic system and the class structure. Great artists express the highest objective reality of their time in masterly fashion. We can use art as a weapon only by understanding the standards of the people.
F41. . . . Dreiser's Short Stories, "New Masses," 60 (Sept. 3, 1946), 11-12.
An evaluation of Dreiser's work by a communist writer and literary critic, who asserts that Dreiser has no peer in the American short story and is a unique genius in American letters. The key to Dreiser the artist is compassion, which led him to become a champion of Russia and to join the Communist Party of the U.S.
F42. . . . "Clarkton: A Novel." New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1947. 239 pp.
The story of a post-war strike in a one-industry town in Massachusetts, presenting a group of communists as human beings with quite human virtues and shortcomings.
F43. . . . "May Day 1947." New York: United May Day Committee, 1947. 13 pp.
Recalling the glorious history of May Day, the author urges readers to protest, this May Day, the fall in workers' wages, the emergence of antilabor legislation, Red-baiting, and the effort to outlaw the Communist Party.
F44. . . . "Departure, and Other Stories." Boston: Little, Brown, 1949. 138 pp.
A collection of short stories by a leading communist writer, who presents communists as good and heroic human beings. The book is dedicated to the men of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade.
F45. . . . "Intellectuals and the Fight for Peace." New York: Masses & Mainstream, 1949. 32 pp.
A polemic against American intellectuals who have retreated in the battle against injustice and who today, because of fear, are either mute or have climbed on the anticommunist bandwagon. Intellectuals must realize that the attack on the Communist Party is part of the attack upon themselves.
F46. . . . Cultural Forces Rally against the Warmakers. "Political Affairs," 28 (May 1949), 29-38.
A report on the Cultural and Scientific Conference for World Peace held in New York City, March 1949, which was a success despite the disruptive efforts of the State Department, Trotskyites, and renegades. The resolution adopted by the conference provides a coalition platform for the peace movement.
F47. . . . "Literature and Reality." New York: International Publishers, 1950. 128 pp. Ref notes.
Marxist aesthetic criticism, defending the concept of socialist realism in literature. Realism is a matter of content, not just form. Bourgeois realism is simply formalism, a superficial realistic method that is a retreat from the struggles of humanity. Socialist realism, on the other hand, is a result of the struggle for truth. In order for the writer today to write literature, he must face up to the reality of communism, and love mankind and freedom.
F48. . . . We Have Kept Faith. "Masses & Mainstream," 3 (July 1950), 23-28.
One of the board of directors of the Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, sentenced to prison for refusal to produce its records to the House Committee on Un-American Activities, reviews the case and defends their action. He asserts that they and others are being jailed to clear the ground for a new world war, that this is the last moment before fascism.
F49. . . . "May Day 1951," New York: United Labor and People's Committee for May Day, 1951. 14 pp.
Publicizing the 1951 May Day march, the author, a leading Party literary figure, declares that the march will be for peace, freedom, equality, and the Constitution.
F50. . . . "Peekskill, U.S.A.: A Personal Experience." New York: Civil Rights Congress. 1951. 127 pp.
A procommunist version of the riots at Peekskill, N.Y., where Paul Robeson appeared twice for outdoor concerts, both times being attacked, together with his audience, but local anticommunist groups. Such actions are denounced as portents of the imminent peril of fascism.
F51. . . . "Spain and Peace." New York: Joint Anti-Fascist Refugee Committee, n.d. [1951?]. 17 pp.
A pamphlet recalling the gallant battle of the Spanish Loyalists against the Hitler-Mussolini-Franco Axis and hailing the March 1951 general strike in Barcelona. Describing terror and poverty in Spain, the author condemns the actions by the Truman government to cement a military and economic alliance between the U.S. and Franco.
F52. . . , and others. "Steve Nelson: A Tribute by 14 Famous Authors." New York: Provisional Committee to Free Steve Nelson, n.d. [1952]. 32 pp.
A tribute to the Pittsburgh communist currently being tried under the Smith Act. There are poems about his heroism, essays of reminiscences of his work in Spain, condemnation of his persecution, and appeals to him to remain steadfast in his hour of trial. Among the contributors are Howard Fast, I.F. Stone, Luis Aragon, John Howard Lawson, Alvah Bessie, Albert Kahn, William Patterson, and Albert Maltz.
F53. . . . "Silas Timberman." New York: Blue Heron Press, 1954. 311 pp.
A novel about a liberal college professor who signed a petition against the atom bomb circulated by communists during the Korean War period, and who spoke at a protest meeting when another faculty member was suspended. Following his appearance before a Senate subcommittee headed by a chairman modeled on McCarthy, he was wrongly indicted for perjury and sentenced to jail. (A Party member when he wrote this novel, Fast left the Party in the fall of 1956 after Khrushchev's revelations on Stalin.)
F54. . . . A Letter from Howard Fast, "New Leader," 39 (July 30, 1956), 16-18.
Replying to an open letter from Eugene Lyons ("New Leader," July 9, 1956), Fast defends the role of American communism despite the Party's shortcomings, and lists evils in American society. (In a rejoinder, pp. 18-20, Lyons asserts that Fast is shouting down his doubts and feelings of guilt.
F55. . . . "The Naked God: The Writer and the Communist Party." New York: Praeger, 1957. 197 pp.
The account by a writer, long a member of the Party, of his reasons for joining, his experiences while a member, his resistance to the dissolution of his beliefs, and his final break occasioned by the Khrushchev report on the bestialities of Stalin, including the anti-Semitism of the Stalinist regime. He writes at length about his ordeal as a creative writer while under Party discipline. Despite his disillusionment with the communist movement, he retains his beliefs in socialism, justice, and brotherhood. (Excerpts were published in the "Saturday Review," November 16, 1957.)
F56. . . . My Decision, "Mainstream," 10 (March 1957), 29-38.
The author's explanation of his break with the Party. He was shocked by the horror of Khrushchev's report on the Stalin era; nine months later, this "socialism by slaughter and terror" is still going on. The communist movement here is a party to this guilt, its very organization leading to a brutalized practice of power. (Comment by the editors appears on pp. 39-47.)
F57. . . . The Only Honorable Thing a Communist Can Do, "Progressive," 22 (March 1958), 35-38.
The transcript of Fast's television interview with Martin Agronsky, shortly after the novelist broke with the Party. Fast asserts that during his fellow-traveling period, before he joined the Party in 1943, he was fearful of the communist threat to freedom. Fascism, however, was an even bigger threat during that period. The Khrushchev revelations destroyed his faith in the communist movement.
L112LASKY, Victor.  The Case of Howard Fast, "New Leader," 34 (Nov. 5, 1951), 14-15.
Fast is alleged to be one of the few communist intellectuals who really believes the Party line. His connections with Party activities and Party fronts are outlined. He served a short prison term for refusing to answer questions of the House Committee on Un-American Activities, thereby becoming a communist martyr.
L389LYONS, Eugene.  An Open Letter to Howard Fast, "New Leader," 39 (July 9, 1956), 6-8.
A letter reviewing Fast's column in the "Daily Worker" of June 12, which describes Fast's shock on reading Khrushchev's revelations about Stalin's regime. Though praising Fast's courage, Lyons asserts that his column is filled with routine communist self-deception. He urges Fast to break out of the world of communist alibis and rejoin the world of free men.
M258MEYER, Hershel D.  "History and Conscience: The Case of Howard Fast." New York: Anvil-Atlas, 1958. 63 pp.
A procommunist appraisal of Howard Fast's career and of his "Naked God," which expressed his disillusionment with communism and the Party. His spirit was broken by the fears and tensions of the cold war. Far from being a martyr to the Party and its cause, Fast had gained recognition, a world-wide audience, and wealth through Party support of his writings. "The Naked God" is remarkable for the poverty of its ideas. The charge of Soviet anti-Semitism is refuted.
S2SALISBURY, Harrison E.  Writers in the Shadow of Communism, "New York Times Magazine," June 9, 1957, 10 ff.
Reprint of correspondence between Howard Fast and Soviet writer Boris Polevoi, following Fast's resignation from the CPUSA. Salisbury contributes an introductory analysis. The Russian author rebukes Fast for aiding the reactionaries by resigning as he did. Fast answers by asking about anti-Semitism and the orgy of murder under Stalin, just revealed by Khrushchev.
W17WALZER, Micahel.  The Travail of the U.S. Communists, "Dissent," 3 (Fall 1956), 406-10.
An expression of skepticism with regard to the newly discovered critical mind of the CPUSA following the Khrushchev revelations. With few exceptions, the Party will fall back into line when Moscow indicates that the era of criticism is over. One of the exceptions is Howard Fast, whose revulsion must lead him out of the Party.