The New York Times
February 14, 1953, p. 1
McCarthy Lays 'Sabotaging' Of Foreign Policy to 'Voice'
By Edward Ranzal
Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, Republican of Wisconsin, declared yesterday that "there are some people in the Voice of America who are doing a rather effective job of sabotaging Dulles and Eisenhower's foreign policy program."
He quickly added that "the vast majority of people there are good Americans, but a sizable number need some attention."
The Senator made his remarks after five witnesses had testified at an executive session of the Senate Permanent Investigation subcommittee which he heads. The only other committee member present at the session in the United States Court House, Foley Square, was Senator Henry M. Jackson, Democrat of Washington.
The subcommittee is investigating "possible mismanagement, subversion and kickbacks" among Voice employees. Evidence was presented by Roy M. Cohn, chief counsel, and David Schine, chief consultant of the committee. Julius Cahn, chief counsel for the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, also was present.
Asked when the committee would begin open hearings, Senator McCarthy said he was not sure, and added:
"It looks like quite a lengthy job. There are a number of investigations. We want to hear everybody who is accused in the closed sessions and give them a chance to answer before we do anything in public."
The five witnesses yesterday were Howard Fast, a leftist writer; Virgil Fulling, chief of the Voice's Latin-America news service; Edward Kretzmann, the Voice's policy director; Lewis McKesson, former project engineer of the Voice, and James Moran, former Voice engineer in Honolulu and Ceylon.
Mr. Fast was called, Senator McCarthy said, because a directive had been issued some time ago from Washington to Mr. Kretzmann suggesting that the writings of controversial authors might be used in "selected areas," and Mr. Fast was cited as an example of a Soviet-endorsed writer.
Mr. Fast, the Senator disclosed, refused to answer on the ground of possible incrimination whether he was a Communist, or knew Communists working for the State Department or the Voice of America.
Several hours later a spokesman for the Voice acknowledged that Mr. Kretzmann had "just received" a State Department order rescinding the directive. It was believed that the order was instigated by Secretary of State John Foster Dulles.
Mr. Kretzmann testified, Senator McCarthy said, that he had disagreed with the directive and had refused to use the works of any controversial figure.
Discussing the Voice, Senator McCarthy said: "I'm in no way interested in killing the patient. The idea of the Voice is a good idea to bring the truth to Iron Curtain countries.
The Senator said that most of yesterday's testimony indicated that there had been "a vast amount of waste, running into the tens of millions," in the operation of the Voice.
He added that three-quarters of the hearing was taken up with the question of waste and the rest of the time with the subject of subversion. He asserted that many of the Voice's projects had been "badly planned."
Before the hearing began Senator McCarthy made public a letter he received from his colleague, Senator Alexander Wiley, Republican of Wisconsin, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, which said:
"The International Information Administration comprises approximately 40 per cent of the total personnel of the State Department and therefore the question of the economy and efficiency with which it conducts its operations is a particularly significant one to the department as a whole, and to the Congress and to our people."
Senator Wiley referred the present investigation to Senator McCarthy's committee. The Voice is part of the information administration.
Fifteen witnesses who were on hand to testify yesterday were told to return today when the subcommittee will continue its executive session. Among those expected to testify today is Albert H. Morton, director of the Voice.