FRANCE - BELGIUM
Republique Française - Belgique/België
Edgar Pierre Jacobs
[3/30/1904 - 2/20/1987 (Belgium)]
25mm×35mm, perf. 11½
These stamps, commemorating the 100th anniversary of the birth of Edgar Pierre Jacobs, celebrate his comic book detective heros Captain Francis Blake of MI5 and partner, Professor Philip Mortimer. They were issued simultaneously by France and Belgium, on May 17, 2004.
The 0,60€ Jacobs stamp, above, and souvenir sheet, below, with the 1,20€ stamp were issued by Belgium; the 0,50€ and 1,00€ stamps by France.
Scott 3206, 30mm×40mm, perf 13.5×13.4 Scott 3207, 40mm×30mm, perf 13.5×13.4
advance sale notice - France
50mm×40mm, perf 11½
Combined issue presentation pack
(Click to enlarge)
Right center (blue), glassine envelope holds the
two vertical pairs of stamps and souvenir sheet.
Text and translation of the upper right (blue) pane is below.
Le premier épisode de Blake et Mortimer, paru dans Le Journal de Tintin en 1946, place le dessinateur belge Edgar P. Jacobs (1904-1987) dans la lignée de Jules Verne. Les aventures de Blake, agent secret britannique, et de Mortimer, professeur de physique nucléaire, s'inspirent en effet des derniers développements de la science pour alimenter un imaginaire foisonnant. Si la série, dont les plus grand succès sont Le Mystère de la Grande Pyramide (1950) et La Marque jaune (1953), porte le nom de ses deux héros éponymes, elle est en fait l'histoire d'un trio. Olrik, méchant récurrent auquel Jacobs a prêté son visage, partage avec Blake... et Jacobs le goût du déguisement que le dessinateur a sans doute contracté au cours de sa carrière de chanteur d'opéra. Jacobs, qui fut le coloriste d'Hergé après avoir fait une carrière de chanteur lyrique durant l'entre-deux-guerres, est l'un des brillants représentants de l'école de Bruxelles, avec le créateur de Tintin, Jacques Martin et Bob de Moor. Ce dernier achèvera Les Trois Formules du professeur Sato, album resté inachevé à la mort de Jacobs en 1987.
FRANCE - BELGIQUEFabienne Gambrelle
The first episode of Blake and Mortimer, in Tintin magazine in 1946, placed the Belgian artist Edgar P. Jacob (1904-1987) in the lineage of Jules Verne. The adventures of Blake, British secret agent, and of Mortimer, professor of nuclear physics, are indeed inspired by the latest developments of science on an abundant imagination. If the series, of which the greatest successes are The Mystery of the Great Pyramid (1950) and The Yellow Mark (1953), carries the names of its two heroes, it is in fact the story of a trio. Olrik, the recurring villain to which Jacob lent his face, shares with Blake -- and Jacobs -- the taste for disguise that the artist probably contracted during his career as an opera singer. Jacob, who was a colorist for Hergé after having made a career as a lyric singer between the two wars, is one of the brilliant representatives of the Brussels school, with the creator of Tintin, Jacques Martin and Bob de Moor. De Moor completed Professor Sato's Three Formulas, unfinished at the time of Jacobs' death in 1987.
FRANCE - BELGIUMFabienne Gambrelle
Edgar Jacobs (1904-1987)
One of the founding fathers of the European comic movement was Edgar Pierre Jacobs, creator of the legendary 'Blake & Mortimer' series. Jacobs had an early fascination for both drawing and music, and started out doing some illustration work for shop catalogues. At the same time, he also found his way in the theatre world. For example, he played alongside Mistinguett in the Casino de Paris show and he was a lyricist at the Opéra de Lille. In 1940 he left the theatre scene and joined Bravo! magazine the year after. There, he illustrated novels and tales. In 1942 he drew episodes of Alex Raymond's 'Flash Gordon' series, because the American pages couldn't reach Belgium during the War. German censorship forbid the strip after only a couple of weeks.
Edgar P. Jacobs then began a science-fiction comic of his own in 1943, titled 'Le Rayon U'. His work was noticed by Hergé, who immediately hired him to help at the restyling of his Tintin albums. Jacobs worked on the backgrounds and colors on most of the early restyled 'Tintin' comics. Jacobs was present in the early days of Tintin magazine, with 'Le Secret de l'Espadon', the first episode of the 'Blake & Mortimer' series. He got the inspiration for this series while doing 'Flash Gordon' in Bravo!, and wanted to make a realistic detective science-fiction comic of his own.
Because of its painstaking realism, 'Blake and Mortimer' was a worthy equivalent to the Tintin series from its start. That is why Jacobs stopped his cooperation with Hergé in 1947 to give his full attention to his own series. Jacobs produced eight big adventures of 'Blake & Mortimer' until 1972, which have all become classics. In 1973 he restyled his own 'Rayon U' comic and wrote his memoires. He then wrote the scenario for the second episode of 'Les Trois Formules du Professeur Sato', but the artwork remained unfinished. It was Bob de Moor who finished the album after Jacob's death.
La saga de Blake et Mortimer naît en 1946 de l'imagination de Edgar Pierre Jacobs, un dessinateur bruxellois qui travaille avec Hergé : la première planche du «Secret de l'Espadon» parait dans l'hebdomadaire Tintin, puis en 1950, ce sera le début du «Mystère de la Grande Pyramide», en 53, celle de la «Marque Jaune», en 55, celle de «l'Énigme de l'Atlantique» ; avec régularité désormais, le professeur Philip Mortimer et le capitaine Francis Blake. personnage au flegme tout britannique, combattront le sinistre colonel Olrik.
Particulièrement soignés tant au niveau graphique que scénaristique, les albums des deux célèbres aventuriers sont au nombre de onze, et répondent tous à certaines règles qui font leur magie (ligne claire, importance du récitatif, impression de réalité...) ; après le décès de Jacobs, qui en aura créé huit, le scénariste Jean Van Hamme et le dessinateur Ted Benoît ont conçu «L'Affaire Francis Blake», et le dernier album a été réalisé par Yves Sente pour le scénario et André Juillard pour l'illustration.
Text on the back of these first day covers and translation
The saga of Blake and Mortimer was born in 1946 of the imagination of Edgar Pierre Jacobs, a Brussels artist who worked with Hergé: the first board of his "Secret of the Swordfish" appeared in the weekly Tintin. Then in 1950, came his "Mystery of the Great Pyramid," in '53, the "Yellow Mark," and in '55, the "Enigma of the Atlantic". With regularity henceforth, Professor Philip Mortimer and Captain Francis Blake, phlegmatic character totally British, would battle the sinister colonel Olrik.
As carefully meticulous at the graphic level as that of the scenario, the eleven albums of the two famous adventurers all adhere to the certain rules that make their magic lucidity of line, importance of the recitative, impression of reality... After the death of Jacob, who created eight, script writer Jean Van Hamme and artist Ted Benoît created "The Francis Blake Affair," and the final album was by Yves Sente for the script and André Juillard for the illustration.
Chronicle of a 20th century man of Brussels, the life of P. Edgar, Jacobs became legendary with the success of his Blake and Mortimer series. In eight adventures the author of The Yellow Mark, The Secret of the Swordfish and The Mystery of the Great Pyramid, knew how to create a world of fiction in which every page resounded with the realities of its time, the hours of glory of Egyptology at the start of the cold war. Born two steps from the Grand Sablon, Jacobs would often recall that he saw the light of day at the heart of a triangle encompassed by "the Academy of Fine Arts, the Conservatory of Music, and the Royal Museums of Fine Arts," thus uniting the great passions of his life the stage, opera and drawing. Fascinated by his discovery of Faust, at 13, at the Theater of Galleries, he became a baritone for two seasons at the opera of Lille, after having been a chorus-boy at the Alhambra in Mistinguett's troupe. But it was through advertising and many small graphics jobs that Jacobs would enter the world of comic strip art at close to 40. After a first story published in Bravo, "The U Ray," he became Hergé's first assistant, and part of the great adventure of Tintin magazine, since its creation in 1946. It was in this issue N° 1 that readers would discover two heroes whose adventures were going to revolutionize the European strip, Blake and Mortimer. But the author's fame didn't change Edgar P. Jacobs. Producer of his life as well as his work, faithful to the fascinations of his childhood, Jacobs never forgot that he loved opera above all.
JOINT ISSUE WITH FRANCE
French Post Office proof - 2½"×5½"